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16. 07. 2016

Official volleyball rules PART 31: Participants' conduct - Misconduct and its sanctions


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Today we are talking about misconduct and its sanctions.



Minor misconduct offences are not subject to sanctions. It is the1st referee’s duty to prevent the teams from approaching the sanctioning level.

This is done in two stages:Stage 1: by issuing a verbal warning through the game captain;Stage 2: by use of a YELLOW CARD to the team member(s) concerned.

This formal warning is not in itself a sanction but a symbol that the team member (and by extension the team) has reached the anctioning level for the match. It is recorded in the score sheet but has no immediate consequences.


Incorrect conduct by a team member towards officials, opponents,team-mates or spectators is classified in three categories according tothe seriousness of the offence.

21.2.1 Rude conduct: action contrary to good manners or moral principles.

21.2.2 Offensive conduct: defamatory or insulting words or gestures or any action expressing contempt.

21.2.3 Aggression: actual physical attack or aggressive or threateningbehaviour.


According to the judgment of the 1st referee and depending on theseriousness of the offence, the sanctions to be applied and recorded on the score sheet are: Penalty, Expulsion or Disqualification.

21.3.1 Penalty 

The first rude conduct in the match by any team member is penalizedwith a point and service to the opponent.

21.3.2 Expulsion A team member who is sanctioned by expulsion shall not play for the rest of the set, must be substituted legally and immediately if on court and must remain seated in the penalty area with no other consequences.

An expelled coach loses his/her right to intervene in the set and mustremain seated in the penalty area. The first offensive conduct by a team member is sanctioned by expulsion with no other consequences. The second rude conduct in the same match by the same team member is sanctioned by expulsion with no other consequences.

21.3.3 Disqualification A team member who is sanctioned by disqualification must besubstituted legally and immediately if on court and must leave theCompetition-Control Area for the rest of the match with no other consequences. The first physical attack or implied or threatened aggression is sanctioned by disqualification with no other consequences. The second offensive conduct in the same match by the same team member is sanctioned by disqualification with no other consequences. The third rude conduct in the same match by the same team member is sanctioned by disqualification with no other consequences.


21.4.1 All misconduct sanctions are individual sanctions, remain in force for the entire match and are recorded on the score sheet.

21.4.2 The repetition of misconduct by the same team member in the same match is sanctioned progressively (the team member receives a heavier sanction for each successive offence).

21.4.3 Expulsion or disqualification due to offensive conduct or aggression does not require a previous sanction.


Any misconduct occurring before or between sets is sanctionedaccording to Rule 21.3 and sanctions apply in the following set.


Warning: no sanction –

Stage 1: verbal warning

Stage 2: symbol Yellow card

Penalty: sanction – symbol Red card 

Expulsion: sanction – symbol Red + Yellow cards jointly

Disqualification: sanction – symbol Red + Yellow card separately 

PREVIOUS, PART 30: Participants' conduct - Requirements of conduct

NEXT, PART 32: Refeeres - Refereeing corps and procedures


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