In volleyball we have 1st and 2nd referee. Today, we will talk about 1st referee, about his location, authority and responsibilities.
The 1st referee carries out his/her functions standing on a referee's stand located at one end of the net on the opposite side to the scorer.
His/her view must be approximately 50 cm above the net.
23.2.1 The 1st referee directs the match from the start until the end. He/she has authority over all members of the refereeing corps and the members of the teams.
During the match his/her decisions are final. He/she is authorized to overrule the decisions of other members of the refereeing corps, if it is noticed that they are mistaken.
He/she may even replace a member of the refereeing corps who is not performing his/her functions properly.
23.2.2 He/she also controls the work of the ball retrievers, floor wipers and moppers.
23.2.3 He/she has the power to decide any matters involving the game, including those not provided for in the rules.
23.2.4 He/she shall not permit any discussion about his/her decisions.
However, at the request of the game captain, the 1st referee will give an explanation on the application or interpretation of the rules upon which he/she has based the decision.
If the game captain does not agree with this explanation and chooses to protest against such decision, he/she must immediately reserve the right to file and record this protest at the conclusion of the match. The 1st referee must authorize this right of the game captain.
23.2.5 The 1st referee is responsible for determining before and during the match whether the playing area equipment and the conditions meet playing requirements.
23.3.1 Prior to the match, the 1st referee:
184.108.40.206 inspects the conditions of the playing area, the balls and other equipment;
220.127.116.11 performs the toss with the team captains;
18.104.22.168 controls the teams' warming-up.
23.3.2 During the match, he/she is authorized:
22.214.171.124 to issue warnings to the teams;
126.96.36.199 to sanction misconduct and delays;
188.8.131.52 to decide upon:
a) the faults of the server and of the positions of the serving team, including the screen;
b) the faults in playing the ball; 9.3,
c) the faults above the net, and the faulty contact of the player with the net, primarily on the attacker’s side;
d) the attack hit faults of the Libero and back-row players;
e) the completed attack hits made by a player on a ball above net height coming from an overhand pass with fingers by the Libero in his/her front zone;
f) the ball crossing completely the lower space under the net;
g) the completed block by back row players or the attempted block by the Libero.
23.3.3 At the end of the match, he/she checks the score sheet and signs it.
PREVIOUS, PART 32: Referees - Refereeing corps and procedures
NEXT, PART 34: Referees - 2nd referee
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