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16. 10. 2016


WoV BLOG: Importance of building team chemistry in volleyball

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“Good teams become great ones when the members trust each other enough to surrender the me for the we,” Phil Jackson, a two-time NBA champion as player and 11-time NBA champion as coach.


Team chemistry is often neglected but it is truly essential component in every (as its name says) team sport, including volleyball. It can help players exceed their objective abilities, show more than they really can… But is there a unique way to build it? Team chemistry is probably the only part of everything which is connected to the team that cannot be influenced on by the management. Management can scout players, negotiate with them, hire them but do not have the power to make players like each other and collaborate. This is where coaching staff steps in. But, how much can one coach affect in building team chemistry? Should he or she stay aside and let players reach it by themselves? If players lack the will to bond with each other, what is coach supposed to do?

While seeking for the answer we contacted several coaches of various experience. After all, their point of view is mostly relevant because they are the ones who work with players for few hours every day and are acquainted with their mental and physical limits.

The coach of a younger generation, Tuomas Sammelvuo, told us that team chemistry was a great subject for him, which also became his huge passion, and that coach should not be excluded from that process but has to build it in cooperation with the players. The longer players spend time together, the better team chemistry will be built.

“Team building is all about getting all the members of the team on the same page, sharing the vision, mission and the values where we all try to be the best that we can be in our roles. If we manage to build this kind of endless path of willing to improve, I believe that the results will follow. As a coach, having a feeling that you have helped someone to be better is the feeling that I really want to search for in my job. In Finland we spend a lot of time speaking about the chemistry and the energy that we can all build together. We are either doing things that bring energy or eat energy and we want to take care of that in a good way. The players have been great on this subject. We are not the team with very tall players and maybe not one of the best teams on the paper, so we focus a lot on what we can do together, how everyone can be a great teammate and also how to help a teammate to be better. What is our character when it goes well, what is our character when it’s not going well,” head coach of the Finnish Men’s National Team, and also Russian club Kuzbass Kemerovo, emphasized.

Here are some thought of Sammelvuo on building the team chemistry which he decided to generously share with the readers of our website:

“•        The team’s chemistry builds and grows from our way of living together daily. It’s important that we can understand how different we all are inside the team. People discover the diversity of each other when they are in a group.

•          It’s also very important to build a leadership with some players, help them to grow so that they can help the team grow. Not everything can come only from the coach but, of course, the coach with his staff sets up the road and shows the way.

•          As a coach, it’s important to recognize the moment to lead but it’s also very important to understand a moment to leave the space for the players, to leave the team growing from inside.

•          Learning is a very important. You need to have a desire to learn so that you can get better.

•          Listen to understand, not to answer.”

Sammelvuo set a few so-called rules to build team chemistry:

“1. Do and say things that can help the team; 2. We are not a team because we work together, we are a team because we respect, trust and care for each other; 3. The power of positive thinking and positive energy; 4.Values.“

The coach of nearly 20 years of experience, Australian Mark Lebedew, stated for WorldofVolley that this was a really good question because functioning of the team is the most important thing in volleyball. For him, it is important to set the balance inside the team where there are rules to be respected but where players are allowed to experiment. Socializing is also highly important to Polish KS Jastrzębski Węgiel coach but without participation of a coach.

“I think that the team is even more important than technical and tactical considerations. In my career I have done a lot of things to build this. I have had camps, meetings with psychologists, specific team building activities with professionals (like high ropes courses).  Over the years I have gone away from these things because I think the trust that a team requires is the trust that happens on the volleyball court that the player next to me will do his job and let me do my job.  That is the key of team chemistry, and is my focus.  I am trying in practice to make clear the roles and responsibilities in each situation and give the individual players confidence that they can fulfill those roles.  I also try to create an atmosphere at practice that promotes concentration and focus but allows players some freedom to experiment and learn.  I think this is also important in building a strong team chemistry. The last thing is social.  I like that the team is able to socialize.  But it is important that that is driven by the group not the coach. So I do not have a big role in that,” Lebedew added.

After talking to coaches of younger and older generation (we talk of coaching experience, not age), here are some of the ideas of a mid-generation expert, Andrea Anastasi. Italian thinks that communication is the basis for building a proper team chemistry - to listen to your players without undermining their opinion and to feed the egos of staff members.

“One of the main aspects for developing a strong team spirit resides certainly in the management and leadership exercised by the coach - how we feel about the team and how we communicate. It means to listen to our team member. People need to be heard, and for a coach, listening is an art. We must teach to have CONFIDENCE that is the main component of a team. Mutual TRUST is the basis for developing any team project. After the trust, another central aspect in my work is to create a COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY inside the team. The coach must ensure that the team to HAVE AN INTENTION AND A CLEAR DIRECTION, SHARE VALUES AND ASPIRATIONS, DEVELOPE SKILLS (TEAM PLAY), DEVELOPE THE POWER OF THE TEAM and POSITIVE ATTITUDE. Another key is to ‘feed the egos’ - feeling that your staff members are part of a winning team, just like the coach and his players. In a word, we must develop passion and motivation, the mind full of constructive ideas, with our feet firmly on the ground,” Polish Lotos Trefl Gdańsk coach said.

Obviously, all coaches try to figure out how to build team chemistry in order to get the most out of their team not claiming that it’s always possible to reach it.

What are your thoughts on this?


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POL W: Malgorzata Skorupa continues career in LKS Commercecon Lodz

She played for Atom Trefl Sopot (not Gdańsk). And Atom Trefl doesn't exist anymore. So she had to leave :) Reply

Fans, which volleyball rules you would change if you were in charge?

Re: @Axe in basketball it is quite easy to have a rather small off-bounds space, like 3 meters must be enough, because when the ball is out of bounds it is out of play. In volleyball it's not the case and if you watch volleyball alot you can see that despite the quite large space around the field, players are still getting hold back by commercial panels, sometimes directly behind it tables with people doing a job which is involved by the game. And it's not like lots of people can enjoy that same experience only a few hundreds of people maybe on the the first few front-rows and not the other thousands of people present there.
If the empty space between playing court and 'obstacles' will be enlarged then players might be more motivated to chase off-bound balls and save alot (almost) dozens more than that they mostly can do today. The seats of the audience don't even need to be further away from the playing field, just those commercial panels and benches with working people behind them pushed all the way back to the walls between the court and the seats. If you look at football (soccer if you're American) there is the audience even further away from the playing field even though it is the case that a ball out of bounds equals out of play too. There you never seem to have a decline of popularity of the game.