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06. 07. 2016


Official volleyball rules PART 22: Playing actions – service


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The service is the act of putting the ball into play, by the back-right player, placed in the service zone.



12.1.1 The first service of the first set, as well as that of the deciding 5th set isexecuted by the team determined by the toss.

12.1.2 The other sets will be started with the service of the team that did notserve first in the previous set.


12.2.1 The players must follow the service order recorded on the line-up sheet. 

12.2.2 After the first service in a set, the player to serve is determined asfollows: when the serving team wins the rally, the player (or his/her substitute)who served before, serves again; when the receiving team wins the rally, it gains the right to serve androtates before actually serving. The player who moves from the frontright position to the back-right position will serve.


The 1st referee authorizes the service, after having checked that the twoteams are ready to play and that the server is in possession of the ball.


12.4.1 The ball shall be hit with one hand or any part of the arm after beingtossed or released from the hand(s).

12.4.2 Only one toss or release of the ball is allowed. Dribbling or moving theball in the hands is permitted.12.4.3 At the moment of the service hit or take-off for a jump service, the server must not touch the court (the end line included) or the floor outside the service zone.

After the hit, he/she may step or land outside the service zone, or insidethe court.

12.4.4 The server must hit the ball within 8 seconds after the 1st referee whistlesfor service.

12.4.5 A service executed before the referee's whistle is cancelled and repeated. 



12.5.1 The players of the serving team must not prevent their opponent, through individual or collective screening, from seeing the server and the flight path of the ball.

12.5.2 A player or a group of players of the serving team make(s) a screen bywaving arms, jumping or moving sideways during the execution of the service, or by standing grouped to hide the server and the flight path of the ball.


12.6.1 Serving faults.

The following faults lead to a change of service even if the opponent is out of position. The server: violates the service order does not execute the service properly. 

12.6.2 Faults after the service hit.

After the ball has been correctly hit, the service becomes a fault (unless a player is out of position) if the ball: touches a player of the serving team or fails to cross the vertical plane ofthe net completely through the crossing space; goes “out”; passes over a screen. 


12.7.1 If the server makes a fault at the moment of the service hit (improper execution, wrong rotational order, etc.) and the opponent is out of position, it is the serving fault which is sanctioned.

12.7.2 Instead, if the execution of the service has been correct, but the servicesubsequently becomes faulty (goes out, goes over a screen, etc.), the positional fault has taken place first and is sanctioned.

PREVIOUS, PART 21: Playing actions – player at the net

NEXT, PART 23: Playing actions – attack hit 


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Latest comments

ECH 2017 M: Blengini crosses-out one player and announces the list for EuroVolley

Re: @Axe He played this season in Perugia as OH, but in the NT he plays OPP. Lanza&Juantorena recievers

FIVB are testing new rules at WCH U23: Serve (VIDEO)

I honestly don't see the use of changing every time the rules. People at some point don't know anymore what the exact rules are, and at this time I'm talking about player, coaches, ... , people with much affection for the sport. People that don't know the sport, can't follow at all this evolution of rules. In consequence they lose interest in the sport and stop following it.

Also if this rule would apply, this will for many youth teams an issue to learn this kind of services, as they don't have the room behind the court as the professional player to learn this kind of service without landing in the court. I know courts where there's only 1 meter behind the service lines.

If we want the game to become more spectacular again, we should simply raise the hight of the net. People are becomming taller and taller and jumping higher and higher, the logical evolution would be to raise the net hight.

IT will impact the service presure and the attack presure, resulting in longer rally's.

Thanks just my personal opinion.

I wonder who has the same idea? Reply

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Re: @Marks
what r u trying to say? That comfortable is with N and not M? Reply